DLUZHNOWSKY, MOSHE (Moyshe Dluzhnovski; 1906–1977), Yiddish novelist. Dluzhnowsky was born in Tomaszow Mazowiecki, Poland. His traditional ḥeder education was supplemented by autodidactic study of secular subjects. After his literary debut in 1925, he published short stories, novels, plays, essays, and reportage in the Yiddish press around the world. He immigrated in 1930 to Paris, where he described Jewish life in short stories and sketches. In 1940, he fled to Morocco and discovered in its mellahs a still unexplored field for Yiddish literature. His stories, and especially his novel Vintmiln ("Windmills," 1963), depicted the impoverished Berber-Arab-Jewish settlements. He went to the U.S. in 1941, where he contributed fiction to the Yiddish and English press. His works include a children's book Der Raytvogn ("The Chariot," 1958); a novel Via Boym in Feld ("As a Tree in the Field," 1958); and short story collections Dos Rod fun Mazl ("The Wheel of Fortune," 1949), A Brunem Baym Veg ("A Well by the Road," 1953), and Tirn un Fentster ("Doors and Windows," 1966). He also wrote several plays, some of them adapted from his novels. Most were produced in New York and South America, the most successful being Di Eynzame Shif ("The Lonely Ship," 1956). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: LNYL, 2 (1958), 526–8; B. Dimondstein, Eseyen (1958), 30–3; S.D. Singer, Dikhter un Prozaiker (1959), 224–9; Z. Zylbercweig, Leksikon fun Yidishn Teater, 4 (1963), 3653–7. (Sol Liptzin / Eliezer Niborski (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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